Penguin Watercolor Sketches

Penguin watercolor sketches and a complete watercolor penguin painting. Ideas for how to make penguin painting easy.

Watercolor penguin study
Watercolor penguin study

So penguin watercolor sketches are the topic for today. The reason for this is that I’ve had a commission on the todo list for a while now. Specifically it is for a panoramic penguin painting featuring multiple species of penguins. James has requested it and the final painting will hang in our main living room. It’s going to be a challenge.

Are Penguins Good for Beginner Watercolor Paintings?

Penguins are great for beginners watercolor painting. They are fairly easy to draw and quite forgiving if you don’t get complete accuracy. When it comes to the painting the penguin coloring really helps us. They have wonderful white bellies with very dark wings and back. This high contrast helps us when painting – we don’t have to hit really accurate values to get a convincing penguin painting. So if you’re looking for beginner watercolor ideas (or even if you’re a seasoned pro!) penguin watercolors are for you!

Watercolor Supplies Needed

You don’t need too many supplies for a basic watercolor kit. Some paper, a brush and some paint. However there are a lot of options to choose from. Below I give you my preferences and some more budget options for a beginner watercolor set.

Watercolor paper for our Watercolor Penguins

First and foremost we need some paper. It’s the most important thing to make watercolor painting easier. However the best watercolor paper i.e. 100% cotton paper is not cheap. I tend to use Fabriano Artistico 140lb cold press. It’s a great paper and you can get some good deals on it from or Jerry’s Artarama. A lot of people swear by Arches watercolor paper. It is a great paper and especially if you’re beginning watercolor painting. However it is a little more expensive. For the sketches a student grade paper is fine. I like the Fabriano ‘fat’ pad which is 25% cotton and takes paint reasonably well. I also use a Strathmore watercolor sketchbook which, although not as good as the Fabriano, is a good choice.

Best Watercolor Brush

Brushes are the next most important thing for your penguin watercolor. The absolute best watercolor brushes are made from Kolinsky sable and are eye-wateringly expensive. However, all is not lost! There are a number of really good synthetic brushes available that come close to that sable experience. For the best synthetic watercolor brush I like the Princeton Aqua Elite and the Escoda Reserva brands. I’ve also recently used the Silver Black Velvet brushes which have a nice feel to them.

Whichever brand you go with you’ll need around a size 10 round and it should come to a good point when wet and hold a good amount of water.

Vermont farm watercolor

Online Zoom Classes

I run online zoom courses regularly for both beginners and more advanced students. Please check out my workshop page.

Best Watercolor Paints for our Penguin Watercolor

The watercolor paint you use is less important than the paper. Pretty much any quality artist watercolor paint will work well and most of the student brands too (e.g. Lukas Studio, Winsor & Newton Cotman). Even something like the Artists Loft watercolor tubes will be fine for some sketches.

Colors needed:

  • Ultramarine Blue or cobalt blue watercolor paint.
  • Cerulean blue (not absolutely essential but I like the way it granulates)
  • Burnt Sienna
  • Cadmium orange (or a red and a yellow so you can make orange)

First things first – start off with some sketches to see how the different penguins look.

Miscellaneous Watercolor Supplies

  • Mechanical pencil for the penguin drawing
  • Masking tape to tape our paper to a board (not needed if you’re using a watercolor block)
  • Spray bottle to keep our paint moist.
  • Palette with large white mixing areas (a white plate can suffice in a pinch).
  • Water and water pot
  • Paper towels.

So that’s the watercolor painting kit dealt with. Let’s get back the penguins!

There are many different species of penguin

There are apparently 18 species of penguin. Some are more visually attractive than others so sorry, but the little Australian penguin probably won’t make the cut. Of them all the rockhopper sketch came out very well as did the gentoo sketch. I also found out that I’ve been painting king penguin watercolors and they’ve been painting an emperor penguin watercolor all this time. Silly me!

My approach was to pick a penguin and quickly get down the main shapes. I tried not to dwell too much on the drawing accuracy (within reason of course). Keeping the lines and shapes interesting was more important than accuracy. I took a couple of liberties with the penguin feet drawing. Not all penguins have orange feet but I like that pop of color so orange they were. One of the sketches that wasn’t quite as successful as the rest was the ‘unknown penguin’. I really liked the pose with the outstretched wing but the penguin plumage itself wasn’t particularly interesting. I may transplant the pose onto another species and see how that works.

You have to paint quickly on sketchbook paper

I was painting these fairly small (around 4 or 5 inches) in a Strathmore watercolor sketchbook. This isn’t the worst paper to paint on in the world but it’s no Arches or Fabriano Artistico. The paper is fairly substantial but not very absorbent. The paint dries quickly and blending is hard. This means that you have to work fast and not noodle over things too much. But it lends itself to a very loose and energetic style which I like for a watercolor sketch.

Next Steps for Our Penguin Watercolor

A watercolor penguin sketch makes for an enjoyable afternoon’s painting. The next step will be to compose them so they look interesting and not just pasted in a line.

Panoramic Penguin Watercolor Painting – The Study

panoramic penguin watercolor study by Michele Clamp
The final study for the panoramic penguin painting

The next day was time to get back to the penguin watercolor painting. I had a piece of paper ready cut but it had curled too much to paint on. So while I was waiting for it to flatten out overnight I used the offcut to do a quarter size test study. This is 6″x17″ and the final thing will be 32″x11/5″ which will be a pretty big scale up.

I’d done some sketching out of the composition on the ipad a couple of nights ago and was pretty happy. Everything is out of my head and from experience of previous paintings. I’m still wondering whether a few extra penguins will make their way in there but it hangs together pretty well so far.

penguin ipad study by Michele Clamp
penguin ipad study by Michele Clamp

First the drawing. 

penguin drawing
Penguin drawing

Looks ok so far. The shapes are good. There’s lots of overlapping shapes and the background cliffs tie everything together horizontally.

Now into the painting.

penguin watercolor painting first stage
Penguin painting first stage

The sky went in ok. I was thinking of maybe masking the cliffs but in the end it wasn’t an issue. The darks of the penguins look good. Not a lot of detail here. All the work is being done by the shapes.

penguin watercolor painting second stage
Penguin painting second stage

I’m pretty far along here. Everything went pretty straightforwardly. Just goes to show what a bit of planning can do. I’m still wondering whether to add in a couple more penguins on the right. And those two wings in the center two penguins are a little too similar so that might change.

And the final thing again

penguin watercolor painting final
Penguin watercolor painting – final study

Vidoe of an Easy Watercolor Penguin Tutorial

If you’re interested in painting an easy penguin watercolor have a look at my youtube penguin painting tutorial below. It’s designed as a beginner watercolor tutorial so, if you try it, please let me know how you get on. And please subscribe to my YouTube channel if you’d like to see more demos in the future.

YouTube player

And Finally if you Like This Penguin Watercolor….

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Michele Clamp Studio Wall

Nankeen Kestrel Watercolor

A fabulous nankeen kestrel watercolor from a Dave Nightingale photo reference. The bird’s pose is spectacular and makes for a fantastic painting.

Birds Are a Great Subject for Loose Watercolor Painting

Even though the photo is fantastic we don’t want to transcribe it exactly. There is a lot of movement in the photo and we want to capture that in the kestrel watercolor painting. A good way to do this is not to paint the whole bird rigidly with sharp lines. If we keep a lot of the edges soft and roughly defined we can then just emphasize the important ones. This gives visual interest to the painting. It also allows us to suggest movement and prioritize the edges that we feel are important to the watercolor. In this image the face is obviously important and we’ll keep that sharp. But other areas can almost be lost completely.

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Michele Clamp Studio Wall

Start By Painting No Edges At All

I started the painting by putting in a light wash of all the colors and softening all the edges. This means that you paint completely through the drawn outline. It feels wrong when you first start doing this but the result is so effective that it’s worth pushing through the discomfort.

The only thing you need to be careful of is to *really* soften all the edges. Especially when you’re painting out into the background. Leaving a hard edge out there and letting it dry will be really distracting when you put in the rest of the kestrel.

Vermont farm watercolor

Online Zoom Classes

I run online zoom courses regularly for both beginners and more advanced students. Please check out my workshop page.

Kestrel Watercolor – Put In Some Edges – But Not Too Many

The next stage is to start adding some definition to the bird. But only in some places. Stand back and pick and choose where you want to add color. Less is more here. Overdefining things can destroy the whole effect. In this painting I decided not to define the belly area of the kestrel at all. I just it fade away into the background and it gives a lovely airy, floating effect.

The Face is Crisp and Sharp

The final thing was the face. Some crisp, dark lines for the eyes and beak. And lastly the branch and feet. Not too much detail in here – it’s easy to overdo feet and give them too much contrast.

Final Thoughts on the Nankeen Kestrel Watercolor Painting

This nankeen kestrel watercolor turned out really well. I didn’t video this one but I have a couple of video demos showing a similar technique:

Standing Blue Heron Watercolor

This was the last demo in this terms classes and day 1 of the 30 in 30. I really liked the contrast between the dark and light blues and the subtle shading on the neck. I really enjoy the classes and, even over zoom, it’s nice painting with a group of people. Having said that it will be nice to have some more time for my own work and hopefully paintings will be coming thick and fast in the next couple of months

Saw-Whet Owl Watercolor Tutorial

A saw-whet owl watercolor is a great subject for painting. Big eyes, fluffy feathers – what’s not to like!

So let’s paint an owl I said. I love painting owls I said. They’re really fun! Oh boy, oh boy what a toughie. I’d forgotten how hard all those delicate markings were and this almost ended up in the bin. But I continued on he finally came together. Just have faith and all will be well!

Introduction and Materials for your Saw-Whet Owl Watercolor

I’m working on a quarter-sheet (11×15) piece Fabriano Artistico paper. It’s 140lb cold press which is the most common type of watercolor paper. It’s great for painting on, takes paint well and allows you to easily soften edges and work wet into wet.

Colors used:

  • Ultramarine blue
  • Burnt Sienna
  • Yellow Ochre
  • Vermillion
  • Cadmium lemon

Quite a limited palette for this painting. But there’s a lot of contrast in the reference photo so we don’t need to overdo it with the color palette.

Start With an Outline Drawing

owl watercolor drawing
owl watercolor drawing

I start with an outline drawing. I use a mechanical pencil with HB lead. Not too soft as we don’t want the graphite to smudge. The drawing has just enough detail that we know where to put the paint but not so much that it doesn’t give us some leeway.

Guess and Check the Values using a Value Scale

Using a value scale (I like this one from Paul Centore) I first estimate the values for different parts of the reference. The light is coming from the right so we know that the darkest values are on the left.

First paint the shadow side of the owl

We’ve measured the values so we know what value the shadow side should be. I mix up a mix of ultramarine and burnt sienna to the right value and put it over the whole of the shadow (i.e. left) side of the bird. Yes it looks dark!!!! Keep the faith – we’ve measured it and we know it’s right! It just looks dark next to the white paper. You’ll start questioning yourself at this point but trust the process and it will work out.

Start to Put the Dark Markings In

Preferably while the shadow color is still wet start to put in the darker feathers on your owl watercolor. Using a fairly thick mix of burnt sienna drop in color into the shadow side. Also take the markings out into the light side. Try and keep some of the edges soft. You can soften them by taking a clean damp brush and wetting the paper right next to the wet color. The wet color will slowly seep into the paper you just dampened and make a beautiful soft edge. One of the best things about watercolor!

We can now see that our original gray wash wasn’t too much at all! Now the dark brown feathers are in it all starts to make sense.

Vermont farm watercolor

Online Zoom Classes

I run online zoom courses regularly for both beginners and more advanced students. Please check out my workshop page.

Take the Dark Markings into the Head

Put in the Wings with a Few Flicks

Paint on dry paper to get flicks
Paint on dry paper to get flicks

Owl Watercolor – Use a Darker Mix for the Eyes

Now comes the best part! When we put in the eyes our owl watercolor will really come alive. We use a darker (and less runny) mix for this using burnt sienna and ultramarine. You may also want to use a slightly smaller brush for this slightly more fiddly work. Although if your round brush has a good point to it that will work well too.

We put in the pupil using the dark and make sure to leave a small piece of white paper showing. This will be our highlight. We leave the iris white (we can put that in later) and outline the eye in the same dark mix. As we don’t want a hard edge around the eye we quickly take a damp brush and soften the area around the eye. This makes it look like the eye is in shadow.

Wow what a difference yes! I always love this part!

When the dark part is dry mix up a lighter yellowy orange color (a red and a yellow or some cadmium orange) and put in the iris.

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Michele Clamp Studio Wall

Paint in the Beak for your Owl Watercolor

Owl Watercolor Beak
Owl Watercolor Beak

The beak is a slightly bluer mix of the ultramarine and burnt sienna. Make it darker on the left (where it is in shadow) than it is on the right. If you can soften the join where it meets the white feathers so much the better.

Owl Feet Have Subtle Shading

owl watercolor feet
owl watercolor feet

Now I have to admit something here. Bird feet are not my strong point and I always dread getting to this part. The way I’ve found to deal with them is to try and treat them as one big shape. If I don’t get too involved in the detail of talons and claws and such they come out much better. Just a wash of burnt sienna as a base color and a slightly darker mix to add in some shadows should get us most of the way there. A slightly darker mix still for the talons and we’re done. Phew!!!

We’re Almost Done!!!

Painting the Rock is Much Less Stressful!

Painting the rock is another favorite bit of mine. Start by just a flat wash over the whole rock. While it’s still wet spray some water and splatter some paint in. It will give the wash a mottled texture that really does look like an old rock. And it’s fun!

Finally – Some Flicky Wings to Give Some Character

Drybrush gives the wings some character
Drybrush gives the wings some character

I decided to depart slightly from the reference and liven up the wings a bit. Using a fairly dark mix of our trusty ultramarine and burnt sienna (slightly more burnt sienna to make it on the brown side) I used a flicky action with the brush to emphasize the wings. You have to take the plunge and have confidence with this technique. There are no second chances. But I think it definitely looks better this way.

Full Video of the Whole Process

You can see a video of the full painting below. I also have more videos on my youtube channel and you can also access them here.

YouTube player


I hope you enjoyed this painting and thank you for reading/watching. After a slightly shaking start I really liked the way he turned out. I run online zoom classes regularly and if you would like to be notified of upcoming classes or new videos please sign up for my mailing list.